A pair of ca. 1750s shoes I made for my dear wife with edges and seams bound with cotton ribbon inspired by the 1756 painting "Broken Eggs" by Jean-Baptiste Greuze (https://en.wikipedia.org/…/Broken_Eggs_(Metropolitan_Museum…). The lack of shoe buckles speaks to the lower class usage of such shoes. The heel is of lower height and built up with stacked leather. The interesting thing is that the seams and top line are covered by a colored band (like higher class cloth upper shoes) and are closed by a sort of ribbon instead of buckles.